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IONIC COMPOUND FORMATION

Use the information given to complete the table at the bottom. The first has been done for you.
1.Potassium chloride is the primary ingredient in “lite salt,” designed for people on low sodium diets.
2.CaSO4 is a component of plaster.

3.A substance composed of Ca2+ and PO43- ions is found in some brands of phosphorus containing fertilizer. This substance is also a major component of bones and teeth.

4.Ammonium nitrate, a rich source of nitrogen, is often used in fertilizer mixtures.

5.Iron (III) chloride finds use in some water purification processes.

6.Al2(SO4)3 is another chemical used to purify water in some cities.

7.Baking soda is an ionic substance composed of sodium ions and hydrogen carbonate ions.

8.Chemists know milk of magnesia as magnesium hydroxide.

9.A compound composed of Fe3+ and O2- is a principal component of rust.

10.Limestone and marble are both forms of the substance calcium carbonate.


 
 
 
Cation
Anion
Formula
Name
1.
K1+
Cl1-
KCl
potassium chloride
2.
s
s
s
s
3.
s
s
s
s
4.
s
s
s
s
5.
s
s
s
s
6.
s
s
s
s
7.
s
s
ss
s
8.
s
s
s
s
9.
s
s
s
s
10.
s
s
s
s

 
 
 


 
 

Balance the following chemical equations by writing coefficients in front of each substance as necessary.