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Honors Physical Science
Heat and States of Matter - A study of thermal energy, its behavior and uses.
Test date (Dec 2 - Dec 3, 2002)                        workQuiz (November 26, 2002)







This unit will allow each student to:

  1.  gain a better understanding of thermal energy and temperature as these relate to PE and KE, states of matter, the processes involved in the movement of thermal energy
  2. continue making proper scientific measurements and calculations
  3. define and properly use all vocabulary
  4. properly apply all terms in describing/explaining real world examples
  5. relate these concepts her/his daily activities and behaviors
  6. teach someone else the concepts discussed
  7. practice proper laboratory safety
This will be accomplished by each student that is able to:
  1. recognize and relate SI and USCS units of energy, specific heat, heat of transformation, and temperature
  2. recognize an energy, specific heat, heat of transformation, and temperature by the units only
  3. completely describe the energy changes during vaporization of a solid, and reverse
  4. indicate direction of heating and cooling of the substance as well as the surroundings during changes of state
  5. describe and compare sublimation and evaporation
  6. sketch each state of matter's structure and behavior at the particle level
  7. completely describe the processes of conduction, convection, and radiation
  8. describe the relative nature of common temperature scales
  9. relate temperature to thermal energy and heat
  10. compare relative temperature to absolute temperature (Celsius/Kelvin; Fahrenheit/Rankine)
  11. calculate the energy required to change the temperature of any material given a table of specific heat capacities
  12. calculate the energy required to change the state of any given material given a table of heats of transformation
  13. explain why one substance warms up, or cools down, faster than another based on specific heat capacity
  14. provide/explain everyday examples of thermal expansion
  15. describe how different types of insulation prevent the flow of thermal energy
  16. give examples of various heating systems
  17. describe the cooling process of a refrigeration system (fridge, A/C)
  18. develop opinions on the use/waste/effects of thermal energy, including pollution, based on scientific knowledge and personal experiences

 

Honors Physical Science
Energy and Its Uses - A study of work, energy, and simple machines

Holt Science Spectrum - issued textbook Foundations of Physical Science - See teacher for access 
2.2 - Matter and Energy - p. 48 #1-6
10.1 - Temperature - p. 330 #1-7
10.2 -  Energy Transfer - p. 346 #1-7
10.3 - Using Heat - p. 346 #1-6
Chapter 16.3 - States of Matter
Chapter 26 - Measuring Heat
Chapter 27 - Heat Transfer
Chapter 28 - Heating, Cooling, and Systems

Lingo to be Learned- you are expected to know the boldface words for the baseQuiz

temperature, thermal energy (TE), heat, kinetic energy (KE), potential energy (PE), specific heat capacity, conduction, convection, radiation, conductor, insulator, solid, liquid, gas, plasma, condensation, evaporation, sublimation, boiling/vaporization, freezing/melting, kinetic theory of matter, thermal expansion, heat of fusion, heat of vaporization, fluid, density

Worksheets  - Thermal Energy Practice

Group Lab - The Amazing Flaming cheezePuff!

Explorations
One must be turned in the day of the workQuiz.
You can choose to turn in one from this link or use in class options which will be updated at this link.
 http://theteterszone.tripod.com/minilabs/heatmini.html

Math Practice
p. 328 #1-4
(temperature)
p. 338 #1-6
(heat)

Possible applications
Here is a list of some applications of the material in this Unit. These may help you in deciding what path to follow for the Final Project.
-Hot tubbing dangers
-Effect of thermal pollution on local marine life
-Refrigerants - at what cost comfort, R-12 v. R-134a
-Thermal energy in the weather
-Where do you get your energy from? 
-Your favorite sport 
-Auto/drag r-What is plasma?
-More detailed study of changes of state.
-Why/Why not asbestos?
-Is the irradiation of food safe?
-The internal combustion engineacing 
-Amusement park rides
-The greenhouse effect
-Feasibility of solar energy today
-Insulation and home construction.
-The effect of thermal expansion on architechtural design.
-OTEC